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As you might expect, aim is pretty important when it comes to a bow and arrow. Aim too low and you’ll never hit your target. Aim too high and you’ll overshoot your target. Many people view financial goals as targets, and I think the same principles apply. That’s why I’d like to share a few thoughts with you on the importance of aiming your financial arrows to actually hit your financial targets.
In my experience I’ve found that people usually have more concrete targets than they have arrows. Most people have a general idea where they want to go and they may even know when they want to get there, but they don't always know if they're headed for the bullseye. This is where financial planning comes in to make sure you are not just shooting in the dark.
I meet with many people in their 20's and 30's who are carrying around loads of student loans. They are usually making their monthly payments, and in some cases even putting extra towards their loans, but their payment arrows are often flying all over the place. They know they want to eliminate all student debt, but they aren’t using their arrows as efficiently as they could. By prioritizing paying down the loans with the higher interest rates rather than simply making the automatic payments that are based on the size of the loans, they can ultimately pay less interest and hit their debt-free target faster!
I also meet with lots of people who share with me their goal of paying for their children’s education. It’s an admirable and loving goal, but the problem is that sometimes I find that the parents need those funds for their own retirement. Sometimes I also find out that the "child" we are discussing is a senior in high school. Either way, saving is best done over time with small savings arrows, rather than with a last-second, giant contribution.
My bread and butter is meeting with people contemplating or nearing retirement. Most of the people are not comfortable or convinced that their nest egg, Social Security, and any retirement pensions or income they may have are enough to provide for their desired retirement lifestyle by their desired retirement date. Sometimes I find people’s expectations are pretty well lined up, but other times I find people's expectations way off. I’ve had to tell someone who hated their job that they actually could have retired much earlier because their savings arrows had been aimed so high. I’ve also had to tell someone who had practically cleaned out their desk that they weren’t headed to a beach anytime soon because their savings arrows had been aimed too low. A challenging, but much easier conversation for me (and whoever I’m advising) is sharing with someone several years out from retirement that they need to aim their savings arrows a little higher and push their realistic lifestyle target expectations in a few yards in order to make things work, or better yet, that they really are on target for their retirement bullseye or better.
Aim too high with your financial goals and you could be missing out on opportunities and experiences now. Aim too low with your financial goals and you might not pay off your debt in a timely fashion, you might not be able to send your child to college, and you might not be able to retire with the lifestyle you’ve always wanted. If your aim is just right, you're either incredibly lucky or you’ve done some financial planning.